Analysis of the microscopic flow structure of a CFB Downer reactor using solids concentration signals

Samwel V. Manyele, Jesse Zhu, Hui Zhang

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


The microflow structure in a downer reactor was studied by measuring the solids concentration fluctuations at various elevations and radial positions, using an optical fiber probe, at a sampling rate of 970 Hz. The downer reactor (0.1 m i.d. and 10 m high) was operated at gas velocities ranging from 3.5 to 10.0 m/s and solids flux from 50 to 200 kg/m2s, with spent FCC catalyst of Sauter mean diameter of 67 mm and density of 1500 kg/m3. The analysis of solids concentration time series was performed using statistical, spectral and chaos techniques. Results from these analyses were compared and related to the operating conditions (gas velocity and solids circulation rate) as well as to the spatial locations (radial and axial positions) in the downer reactor. Different techniques of time series analysis gave similar results but with different sensitivity to changes in the dynamics. A combination of the three signal analysis techniques proved to be more useful in providing more insight understanding of the microflow structure.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberA55
JournalInternational Journal of Chemical Reactor Engineering
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2002
Externally publishedYes


  • Chaos analysis
  • Downer reactor
  • Microflow structure
  • Solids concentration
  • Spectral analysis
  • Statistical analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering (all)


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