An advanced ash fusion study on the melting behaviour of coal, oil shale and blends under gasification conditions using picture analysis and graphing method

Yang MENG, Peng Jiang, Yuxin YAN, Yuxin Pan, Xinyun WU, Haitao ZHAO, Nusrat Sharmin, Edward Lester, Tao Wu, Cheng Heng Pang

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study investigates the potential of solid fuel blending as an effective approach to manipulate ash melting behaviour to alleviate ash-related problems during gasification, thus improving design, operability and safety. The ash fusion characteristics of Qinghai bituminous coal together with Fushun, Xinghua and Laoheishan oil shales (and their respective blends) were quantified using a novel picture analysis and graphing method, which incorporates conventional ash fusion study, dilatometry and sintering strength test, in a CO/CO2 atmosphere. This image-based characterisation method was used to monitor and quantify the complete melting behaviour of ash samples from room temperature to 1520 °C. The impacts of blending on compositional changes during heating were determined experimentally via X-ray diffraction and validated computationally using FactSage. Results showed that the melting point of Qinghai coal ash to be the lowest at 1116 °C, but would increase up to 1208 °C, 1161 °C and 1160 °C with the addition of 30%–50% of Laoheishan, Fushun, and Xinghua oil shales, respectively. The formation of high-melting anorthite and mullite structures inhibits the formation of low-melting hercynite. However, the sintering point of Qinghai coal ash was seen to decrease from 1005 °C to 855 °C, 834 °C, and 819 °C in the same blends due to the formation of low-melting aluminosilicate. Results also showed that blending directly influences the sintering strength during the various stages of melting. The key finding from this study is that it is possible to mitigate against the severe ash slagging and fouling issue arising from high calcium and iron coals by co-gasification with a high silica-alumina oil shale. Moreover, blending coals with oil shales can also modify the ash melting behaviour of fuels to create the optimal ash chemistry that meets the design specification of the gasifier, without adversely affecting thermal performance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)393-407
Number of pages15
JournalChinese Journal of Chemical Engineering
Volume32
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2021

Keywords

  • Co-gasification
  • Coal
  • Image-based ash fusion test
  • Mineral transformation
  • Oil shale

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Biochemistry
  • Chemistry (all)
  • Chemical Engineering (all)

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