This article takes issue with the common view that the early Turkish Republic (1920-1940) followed a "special" route to modernity characterized by "state capitalism". It argues that such a view, rooted in the Sonderweg paradigm, obscures the historical-comparative specificity of Turkish state formation, leading to problematic conclusions about the character of Turkish modernization. Based on insights derived from Karl Polanyi's notion of "economistic fallacy" and Political Marxism's conception of capitalism, I offer a new interpretation of the early Republican project in Turkey, which, in turn, provides a deeper understanding of the social content, tempo and multi-linearity of world historical development.
- Late Development
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Sociology and Political Science