Advances in fabrication of ceramic corundum abrasives based on sol–gel process

Baoteng HUANG, Changhe LI, Yanbin ZHANG, Wenfeng DING, Min YANG, Yuying YANG, Han ZHAI, Xuefeng XU, Dazhong WANG, Sujan DEBNATH, Muhammad JAMIL, Hao Nan Li, Hafiz Muhammad ALI, Munish Kumar GUPTA, Zafar SAID

Research output: Journal PublicationReview articlepeer-review

63 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Corundum abrasives with good chemical stability can be fabricated into various free abrasives and bonded abrasive tools that are widely used in the precision machining of various parts. However, these abrasives cannot satisfy the machining requirements of difficult-to-machine materials with high hardness, high strength, and strong wearing resistance. Although superhard abrasives can machine the above-mentioned materials, their dressing and manufacturing costs are high. By contrast, ceramic corundum abrasives fabricated by sol–gel method is a cost-effective product between conventional and superhard abrasives. Ceramic corundum abrasives exhibit self-sharpening and high toughness. In this review, the optimization methods of ceramic corundum abrasive properties are introduced from three aspects: precursor synthesis, particle shaping, and sintering. Firstly, the functional mechanism of seeds and additives on the microstructural and mechanical properties of abrasives is analyzed. Specifically, seeds can reduce the phase transition temperature and improve fracture toughness. The grain size and uniformly dense structure can be controlled by applying an appropriate amount of multicomponent additives. Then, the urgent need of engineering application and machinability of special shape ceramic corundum abrasives is reviewed, and three methods of abrasive shaping are summarized. The micromold replication technique is highly advanced and can be used to prepare functional abrasives. Additionally, the influence of a new sintering method, namely, two-step sintering technique, on the microstructural and mechanical performance of ceramic corundum abrasives is summarized. Finally, the challenge and developmental trend of the optimization of ceramic corundum abrasives are prospected.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-17
Number of pages17
JournalChinese Journal of Aeronautics
Volume34
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2021

Keywords

  • Ceramic corundum abrasive
  • Seed
  • Shaping technique
  • Sintering additive
  • Sol–Gel
  • Two-step sintering process

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering

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