Additive-manufactured gyroid scaffolds of magnesium oxide, phosphate glass fiber and polylactic acid composite for bone tissue engineering

Lizhe He, Xiaoling Liu, Chris Rudd

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)
10 Downloads (Pure)


Composites of biodegradable phosphate glass fiber and polylactic acid (PGF/PLA) show potential for bone tissue engineering scaffolds, due to their ability to release Ca, P, and Mg during degradation, thus promoting the bone repair. Nevertheless, glass degradation tends to acidify the surrounding aqueous environment, which may adversely affect the viability and bone-forming activities of osteoblasts. In this work, MgO was investigated as a neutralizing agent. Porous network-phase gyroid scaffolds were additive-manufactured using four different materials: PLA, MgO/PLA, PGF/PLA, and (MgO + PGF)/PLA. The addition of PGF enhanced compressive properties of scaffolds, and the resultant scaffolds were comparably strong and stiff with human trabecular bone. While the degradation of PGF/PLA composite induced considerable acidity in degradation media and intensified the degradation of PGF in return, the degradation media of (MgO + PGF)/PLA maintained a neutral pH close to a physiological environment. The experiment results indicated the possible mechanism of MgO as the neutralizing agent: the local acidity was buffered as the MgO reacted with the acidic degradation products thereby inhibiting the degradation of PGF from being intensified in an acidic environment. The (MgO + PGF)/PLA composite scaffold appears to be a candidate for bone tissue engineering.

Original languageEnglish
Article number270
Pages (from-to)1-21
Number of pages21
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jan 2021


  • Additive manufacturing
  • Bone tissue engineering scaffold
  • Gyroid
  • Phosphate glass fiber
  • Polylactic acid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry (all)
  • Polymers and Plastics


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