This paper proposes a solution for reducing the ground leakage current in transformerless single-phase grid-connected photovoltaic converters. This is obtained with the introduction of an active common-mode filter able to compensate for variations of the output common-mode voltage of the power converter. The active common-mode filter is applied to a widespread and efficient full-bridge driven by a three-level pulse width modulation, allowing the power converter to operate with low ground leakage current and with an arbitrary power factor. After showing the desired voltage waveform for common-mode voltage compensation, this paper presents the design guidelines for the needed additional magnetic component together with the power loss considerations for all the devices added for the proposed solution. Experimental results show the performance of the proposed solution in terms of ground leakage current reduction, effectiveness of dead-time compensation, total harmonic distortion of the injected grid current, and power losses.
- Active filters
- leakage current
- photovoltaic systems
- pulsewidth modulation inverters
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Control and Systems Engineering
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering