A Time-Saving Approach for the Thermal Lifetime Evaluation of Low-Voltage Electrical Machines

Vincenzo Madonna, Paolo Giangrande, Giovanni Migliazza, Giampaolo Buticchi, Michael Galea

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)


Modern electrical machines, such as those employed in transportation applications are required to provide very high performance in terms of power (and torque) density and efficiency. The reality, however, is that the more these machines are 'pushed' in relation to power density, the more is the probability of failure of their insulation systems, through enhanced electrical and thermal stresses. On the other hand, regardless the power density level, the electrical machine still needs to respect the certification processes set by the international standards and procedures. Unfortunately, today reliability and lifetime are still not considered as main design objective functions right from the start of the design process. This is a direct result of a gap in knowledge in terms of the precise understanding of failure mechanisms. If physics of failure models are available, then reliability can be included at all design stages. Therefore, this article proposes a method that shortens the time demanded for the thermal lifetime evaluation procedure or qualification of low-voltage electrical machines. The theory behind the method is presented and, then, experimentally validated on custom designed specimens.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8924928
Pages (from-to)9195-9205
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2020


  • Design of experiments
  • dielectric breakdown
  • dielectric losses
  • electric motors
  • electrical machines (EMs)
  • insulation
  • physics of failure (PoF)
  • thermal factors
  • thermal stresses

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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