A numerical study on fire endurance of wood beams exposed to three-side fire

Jin Zhang, Qing Feng Xu, Yi Xiang Xu, Bin Wang, Jing Xiang Shang

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To investigate the fire endurance of wood beams exposed to three-side fire, we conducted bearing capacity tests of two wood beams and experiments of five wood beams exposed to three-side fire. The finite element software ANSYS was also used to predict the fire endurance of those beams with the indirect order coupling method. It was found that the fire endurance decreases as the load level increases, and the reduction ratio tends to decrease. In the case of a certain load level, the fire endurance is improved if the section size is increased or covered by the fire protection coating. The central deformation increases as the fire duration increases, and the ratio of increase tends to rise. On another note, an increase in the density of wood leads to a rise in the fire endurance of a given beam. From the finite element method (FEM) calculation results, the fire endurance decreases as the load level increases, and the reduction ratio tends to decrease. When the load level is greater than 0.5, the fire endurance is significantly reduced, and it does not change significantly when the load level changes. Lastly, for a load level magnitude below 0.5, the fire endurance and load level are proportional to one another.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)491-505
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Zhejiang University: Science A
Volume13
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Density of wood
  • Finite element analysis
  • Fire endurance
  • Fire prevention measures
  • Load level
  • Three-side fire

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering (all)

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