A Novel Transmission Policy for Intelligent Reflecting Surface Assisted Wireless Powered Sensor Networks

Zheng Chu, Pei Xiao, De Mi, Wanming Hao, Mohsen Khalily, Lie Liang Yang

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

39 Citations (Scopus)


This paper proposes a novel transmission policy for a wireless powered sensor network (WPSN) assisted by an intelligent reflecting surface (IRS) to enhance the performance of wireless energy transfer (WET) and wireless information transfer (WIT) with certain phase shifts. To achieve its self-sustainability, IRS collects energy from the energy station to support its own control circuit operation. Our proposed policy for the considered WPSN is called IRS assisted harvest-then-transmit time switching (IRS-HTT-TS), which is capable to schedule the transmission time slots by switching between energy collection and energy reflection modes. We provide a joint design of the transmission time slots, the power allocation as well as the discrete phase shifts of the WET and WIT, aiming to maximize the system sum throughput. This formulates a problem as a mixed-integer non-linear program (MINLP), which is NP-hard and non-convex. To effectively solve this problem, we first relax it to the one with continuous phase shifts, and then propose a two-step approach and decompose the original problem into two sub-problems. We address the first sub-problem in closed form with respect to the phase shifts of the WIT. For the second sub-problem, we apply the Lagrange dual method and Karush-Kuhn-Tucker conditions to derive the optimal closed-form transmission time slots, power allocation, and phase shift of the WET, respectively. The optimal discrete phase shifts can be obtained by quantizing the continuous values. Numerical results demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed policy and validate the beneficial role of the IRS in comparison to the benchmark schemes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1143-1158
Number of pages16
JournalIEEE Journal on Selected Topics in Signal Processing
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Internet of Things
  • Wireless powered sensor network
  • intelligent reflecting surface
  • phase shift
  • time switching

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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