A novel fluorescent aptasensor for aflatoxin M1 detection using rolling circle amplification and g-C3N4 as fluorescence quencher

Sobia Niazi, Imran Mahmood Khan, Ye Yu, Imran Pasha, Yan Lv, Ali Mohsin, Bilal Sajid Mushtaq, Zhouping Wang

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

49 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aflatoxin M1 is a prevailing natural carcinogenic mycotoxin, found in milk. Herein, we reported a sensitive fluorescent aptasensor for AFM1, based on rolling circle amplification (RCA) technology to improve the sensitivity of the assay. The detection of AFM1 was achieved using KYF4: Eu3+ time-resolved fluorescent nanoparticles (KYF4: Eu3+ TRFNPs) as signal probe and graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4) nanosheet as a quencher. The AFM1 aptamer act as a recognition element and as a primer for DNA synthesis. TRFNPs attached to complementary DNA (TRFNPs-cDNA) acts as a signal probe. In the absence of target, a rolling circle template (RCT) ligated to aptamer and RCA reaction initiated. The TRFNPs-cDNA was strengthened to amplified RCA product (RCAP) to make RCAP/TRFNPs-cDNA duplex. This duplex cannot be adsorbed onto g-C3N4, and ultimately no fluorescence quenched. In the presence of AFM1, aptamer recognized the target and aptamer-target complex was formed. Hence, no aptamer hybridized with RCT, therefore, no RCA and duplex formation. Consequently, free TRFNPs-cDNA adsorbed onto g-C3N4 and resulted in quenched fluorescence. The assay provides a lower detection limit (0.0194 pg/mL) than the previously reported assays and has good recoveries between 92–99.8 %. Hence, the present method would be a suitable method for the quantification of small molecules.

Original languageEnglish
Article number128049
JournalSensors and Actuators, B: Chemical
Volume315
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jul 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Aflatoxin
  • Aptamer
  • Carbon nitride nanosheet
  • Isothermal amplification
  • Time-resolved fluorescent nanoparticles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Instrumentation
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry

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