A genetic optimization resampling based particle filtering algorithm for indoor target tracking

Ning Zhou, Lawrence Lau, Ruibin Bai, Terry Moore

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)
51 Downloads (Pure)


In indoor target tracking based on wireless sensor networks, the particle filtering algorithm has been widely used because of its outstanding performance in coping with highly non-linear problems. Resampling is generally required to address the inherent particle degeneracy problem in the particle filter. However, traditional resampling methods cause the problem of particle impov-erishment. This problem degrades positioning accuracy and robustness and sometimes may even result in filtering divergence and tracking failure. In order to mitigate the particle impoverishment and improve positioning accuracy, this paper proposes an improved genetic optimization based resampling method. This resampling method optimizes the distribution of resampled particles by the five operators, i.e., selection, roughening, classification, crossover, and mutation. The proposed resampling method is then integrated into the particle filtering framework to form a genetic optimization resampling based particle filtering (GORPF) algorithm. The performance of the GORPF algorithm is tested by a one-dimensional tracking simulation and a three-dimensional indoor tracking experiment. Both test results show that with the aid of the proposed resampling method, the GORPF has better robustness against particle impoverishment and achieves better positioning accuracy than several existing target tracking algorithms. Moreover, the GORPF algorithm owns an affordable computation load for real-time applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number132
Pages (from-to)1-22
Number of pages22
JournalRemote Sensing
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2021


  • Genetic algorithm
  • Indoor positioning
  • Particle filter
  • Particle impoverishment
  • Resampling
  • Target tracking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Earth and Planetary Sciences


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