A Contribution to Thermal Ageing Assessment of Glass Fiber Insulated Wire Based on Partial Discharges Activity

Hadi Naderiallaf, Paolo Giangrande, Michael Galea

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


This paper aims to evaluate a Type-II insulated wire (i.e., Glass fibre insulated wire) as a function of thermal ageing time based on partial discharges (PD) activity. Partial discharge inception voltage (PDIV), partial discharge extinction voltage (PDEV), and repetitive partial discharge inception voltage (RPDIV) measurements have been performed on both unaged and thermally aged specimens. Each specimen modelled the turn-to-turn insulation; hence it was made by a pair of Glass fibre wires wrapped in PTFE tape for a mechanical purpose. The PD tests have been carried out under positive and negative unipolar square waveform excitations using different rise times: 80, 400 and 800 ns. The trend of PD quantities vs exposure time demonstrates that the effect of space charge accumulation under unipolar excitation must be taken into account when unaged and thermally aged specimens are compared. Results revealed that although sometimes thermally aged samples might show a temporary superiority in the short run, unaged ones always present a better performance after space charge accumulation, as expected. Following the statistic postprocessing of the collected data, shape/slope parameters of the Weibull distribution relevant to PDIV can be used as an ageing indicator for Glass fibre insulated wire. Finally, the permittivity evaluation vs thermal and electrical stresses have been performed, relying on the measured capacitance of each specimen just after every PD test. Such analysis revealed that thermal ageing increases permittivity in the long run. However, electrical stress has different impacts on permittivity depending on the rise time, polarity, and magnitude of the applied voltage.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41186-41200
Number of pages15
JournalIEEE Access
Publication statusPublished - 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • Accelerated ageing
  • electric machines
  • partial discharges
  • pulse width modulation
  • reliability
  • space charge
  • variable speed drives

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science (all)
  • Materials Science (all)
  • Engineering (all)
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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