A conceptional approach of resin-transfer-molding to rosin-sourced epoxy matrix green composites

Sicong Yu, Xufeng Zhang, Xiaoling Liu, Chris Rudd, Xiaosu Yi

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


In this concept-proof study, a preform-based RTM (Resin Transfer Molding) process is presented that is characterized by first pre-loading the solid curing agent onto the preform, and then injecting the liquid nonreactive resin with an intrinsically low viscosity into the mold to infiltrate and wet the pre-loaded preform. The separation of resin and hardener helped to process inherently high viscosity resins in a convenient way. Rosin-sourced, anhydrite-cured epoxies that would normally be regarded as unsuited to liquid composite molding, were thus processed. Rheological tests revealed that by separating the anhydrite curing agent from a formulated RTM resin system, the remaining epoxy liquid had its flowtime extended. C-scan and glass transition temperature tests showed that the preform pre-loaded with anhydrite was fully infiltrated and wetted by the liquid epoxy, and the two components were diffused and dissolved with each other, and finally, well reacted and cured. Composite laminates made via this approach exhibited roughly comparable quality and mechanical properties with prepreg controls via autoclave or compression molding, respectively. These findings were verified for both carbon and ramie fiber composites.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2021


  • Carbon fiber composite
  • Epoxy
  • In-plane mechanical properties
  • LCM process
  • Ramie fiber composite
  • Rosin-sourced anhydrite
  • Viscosity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aerospace Engineering


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