A comparison of the digital divide across three countries with different development indices

Younghoon Chang, Hyerin Kim, Siew Fan Wong, Myeong Cheol Park

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedingBook Chapterpeer-review


The digital divide between countries is a critical phenomenon that places developing countries in a disadvantaged position economically, politically, and socially. While the phenomenon has drawn the attention of many, a theoretical account using empirical test of primary data is lacking. Building on a three-level digital divide framework, this study tested the effect of country development index on three levels of the digital divide. Survey data from university students in Cambodia, Iran, and South Korea show that country development index has a significant effect on all three levels of the digital divide. While the countries differ on the hedonic values of IT use, there is no significant difference in the utilitarian values of IT use. Korea, being a developed country also differs significantly from Cambodia and Iran in the digital access divide, digital capability divide, and digital usage divide. The results have important implications for companies as well as government policy-making and intervention programs.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationWealth Creation and Poverty Reduction
Subtitle of host publicationBreakthroughs in Research and Practice
PublisherIGI Global
Number of pages23
ISBN (Electronic)9781799812081
ISBN (Print)9781799812074
Publication statusPublished - 6 Dec 2019
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences (all)
  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance (all)
  • Business, Management and Accounting (all)


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