A comparison of the digital divide across three countries with different development indices

Younghoon Chang, Hyerin Kim, Siew Fan Wong, Myeong Cheol Park

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


The digital divide between countries is a critical phenomenon that places developing countries in a disadvantaged position economically, politically, and socially. While the phenomenon has drawn the attention of many, a theoretical account using empirical test of primary data is lacking. Building on a three-level digital divide framework, this study tested the effect of country development index on three levels of the digital divide. Survey data from university students in Cambodia, Iran, and South Korea show that country development index has a significant effect on all three levels of the digital divide. While the countries differ on the hedonic values of IT use, there is no significant difference in the utilitarian values of IT use. Korea, being a developed country also differs significantly from Cambodia and Iran in the digital access divide, digital capability divide, and digital usage divide. The results have important implications for companies as well as government policy-making and intervention programs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)55-76
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Global Information Management
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Country development index
  • Cross-national
  • Digital access
  • Digital divide
  • Digital motivation
  • Digital usage
  • Online participation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Strategy and Management
  • Management Science and Operations Research
  • Information Systems and Management


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