Team creativity/innovation in culturally diverse teams: A meta-analysis

Jie Wang, Grand H.L. Cheng, Tingting Chen, Kwok Leung

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

95 Citations (Scopus)
165 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

This meta-analysis investigates the direction and strength of the relationship between diversity in culturally diverse teams and team creativity/innovation. We distinguish the effects of two diversity levels (i.e., surface level vs. deep level) in culturally diverse teams and examine the moderators suggested by the socio-technical systems framework (i.e., team virtuality and task characteristics in terms of task interdependence, complexity, and intellectiveness). Surface-level diversity in culturally diverse teams is not related to team creativity/innovation, whereas deep-level diversity in culturally diverse teams is positively related to team creativity/innovation. Moreover, surface-level diversity in culturally diverse teams and team creativity/innovation are negatively related for simple tasks but unrelated for complex tasks. Deep-level diversity in culturally diverse teams and team creativity/innovation is positively related for collocated teams and interdependent tasks but unrelated for noncollocated teams and independent tasks. We discuss the theoretical and practical implications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)693-708
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Organizational Behavior
Volume40
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2019

Keywords

  • cultural diversity
  • meta-analysis
  • surface level versus deep level
  • team creativity
  • team innovation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • General Psychology
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management

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