Construction of Atomic Metal-N2 Sites by Interlayers of Covalent Organic Frameworks for Electrochemical H2O2 Synthesis

Minghao Liu, Shuai Yang, Sijia Liu, Qiyang Miao, Xiubei Yang, Xuewen Li, Qing Xu, Gaofeng Zeng

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


Electrosynthesis of H2O2 is a promising alternative to the anthraquinone oxidation process because of its low energy utilization and cost-effectiveness. Heteroatom-doped carbons-based catalysts have been widely developed for H2O2 synthesis. However, their doping degree, defective degree, and location of active sites are difficult to be preciously controlled at molecular level. Herein, a dioxin-linked covalent organic framework (COF) is used as the template to preciously construct different metal-N2 sites along the porous walls for H2O2 synthesis. By tuning the metal centers, the catalyst with Ca-N2 sites enables to catalyze H2O2 production with selectivity over 95% from 0.2 to 0.6 V versus RHE, while the H2O2 yields for Co sites or Ni sites are 20% and 60% in the same potential range. In addition, the turnover frequency (TOF) values for Ca-N2 sites are 11.63 e–1 site–1 s–1, which are 58 and 20 times higher than those of Co and Ni sites (0.20 and 0.57 e–1 site–1 s–1). The theoretical calculations further reveal that the OOH* desorption on Ca sites is easier than those on Co or Ni sites, and thus catalyzes the oxygen reduction reaction in the 2e pathway with high efficiency.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2204757
Issue number50
Publication statusPublished - 15 Dec 2022


  • Ca-N sites
  • covalent organic frameworks
  • hydrogen peroxide production
  • oxygen reduction reaction
  • single atom catalysts

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • General Chemistry
  • Biomaterials
  • General Materials Science


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